Archaeology is a fascinating field anywhere in the world, but it is especially so in Australia. The latest discoveries in Oenpelli, located in the Northern Territory, prove that Australian Aboriginals arrived to this country at least 50,000 years ago. Some evidence says it could have been even earlier. Other findings from Lake George, New South Wales, could bring even more information from the analysis of bones, tools, and charcoal. Some of the most astounding archaeological sites in Australia include:

Oenpelli, Northern Territory

This site has two significant discoveries. At Madjedbebe, formerly known as Malakunanja, archaeologists found human occupation dating back 50,000 years. In addition, the artifacts found on the site are the oldest in Australia; and nearby, at Malangangerr, a group of axes dating back 20,000 years was found. They are some of the oldest tools found in the world. 

Cranebrook Terrace, New South Wales

Archaeologists working at Cranebrook Terrace found tools in a gravel pit next to the Nepean River, only 60 kilometers west of Sydney, Australia’s capital. These pieces date back around 40,000 to 45,000 years and show the earliest sign of human occupation in Australia. 

Devil’s Lair, Western Australia

The Devil’s Lair near Cape Leeuwin has shown evidence of human occupation from over 33,000 years ago. Archaeologists have also found bones from 22,000 years ago. These are Australia’s earliest-discovered bone tools. 

Koonalda Cave, South Australia

The evidence found at Koonalda Cave suggests Aboriginal groups were quarrying stone on this site in Nullarbor Plain around 25,000 years ago. On the cave walls, you can see designs with a carbon date of 20,000 years ago. These are the oldest examples of Aboriginal art in Australia. The rock paintings show how life was back then and how hunting was the main means of life. 

Keilor, Victoria

Keilor is an ancient Australian camp near the Maribyrnong River in Melbourne. It’s the most continuously occupied site in Australia. Predictions say that Aboriginals lived there at least 40,000 years ago. 

Lake Mungo, New South Wales

Lake Mungo has uncovered tools dating back 35,000 years. Still, the most exciting discovery has been the earliest known cremation site in the world, since it proves that the first humans in Australia had beliefs about the body or even the soul. This could lead to the understanding of their religions at that time. 

Australia Visitor Visa

Australia is an incredible country with many archaeological sites showing evidence of the first humans occupying these lands; but don’t stop with this information, as you can find out many more details if you travel to this amazing country. Make your way down under and uncover more secrets of the first humans! But before getting excited about this trip, you must confirm the travel documents you need. In this case, you must apply for the Australia Visitor Visa. This official travel document will let you into Australia for tourism purposes for a short-term visit. The good news is that iVisa can process the digital application after you fill out a simple online form. Experts will then check your details and send you the electronic visa to your email. You won’t need to worry about anything because our customer service agents will help you with all your doubts.