Individuals who exhibit symptoms such as fatigue, muscle weakness, and body pains should discuss their condition with an endocrinologist in Islamabad. The doctor will conduct relevant tests to diagnose the disease and its cause. It will also help evaluate the severity of the condition before opting for a suitable treatment.
The overactivity of the parathyroid glands causes the excessive production of parathyroid hormone, which lead to multiple physical problems. The individual with hyperparathyroidism should seek immediate medical help to avoid further complications. Individuals above sixty are at a high risk of suffering from the disease. The treatment has proven effective for smooth recovery.
The symptoms of hyperparathyroidism are:
- The person remains inactive due to fatigue and weakness.
- The patients struggle in moving due to muscle weakness.
- The patient remains anxious, which may lead to clinical depression.
- The person suffers from constant body aches, which can affect physical and psychological health.
- The patient can notice the change in their body weight as they suffer from loss of appetite.
- The patient remains constipated, which affects their physical health.
- The individual experiences nausea and has episodes of vomiting, that can affect bodily functions.
- The patient has an excessive urge to urinate,
- The person remains thirsty even after consuming fluids.
- The individual exhibit neurological symptoms. The person may experience short-term memory loss and confusion most of the time.
- The individual may suffer from kidney problems, which require treatment, or else it can cause permanent damage.
The known causes of hyperparathyroidism are:
- The presence of adenoma can cause the excessive production of parathyroid hormone.
- The hyperplasia of the glands can lead to hyperparathyroidism.
- Individuals suffering from the cancerous tumor are more likely to suffer from hyperparathyroidism.
- Kidney failure can affect bodily functions. The patients experiencing symptoms of kidney failure are at a higher risk of suffering from hyperparathyroidism.
- Individuals with Vitamin C and D deficiency are at a higher risk of suffering from hyperparathyroidism.
The complications associated with hyperparathyroidism are:
- Patients with vitamin deficiency must change their lifestyle and take supplements, or it can lead to osteoporosis and hyperparathyroidism. It can affect the physical and psychological health and cause the person to remain inactive affecting personal and professional growth.
- The patients can suffer from kidney stones and related complications without timely treatment.
- Pregnant women with hyperthyroidism are more likely to give birth to children with low calcium levels, which can affect their development.
- Individuals diagnosed with hyperparathyroidism are at a higher risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases, which can be life-threatening.
The preventive measures include:
- Individuals with hypertension and diabetes should remain vigilant and monitor their levels to avoid complications such as hyperparathyroidism.
- Patients with kidney problems must monitor their calcium and phosphorus levels, which may lead to serious complications.
- Radiation therapy near the neck can affect the production of hormones; hence, if possible, opt for other treatment options for tumors.
- The use of diuretics and illicit can affect calcium levels and lead to hyperparathyroidism. Hence, it is essential to avoid drugs with lithium and diuretics.
The tests that help diagnose a patient with hyperparathyroidism are:
- Physical Examination: The specialist will conduct a thorough exam to detect any lumps near the neck that indicate the presence of a tumor. Also, a history of medication will help the doctor understand the cause of the symptoms.
- Hormone Test: The test helps check the abnormality in the levels of parathyroid hormone and calcium in the body.
The medications, and procedures that are known to be effective in treating an individual with hyperparathyroidism are:
- Use of Calcimimetics: The medication acts as the calcium that reduces the production of excessive hormones.
- Use of Bisphosphonates: The medication helps prevent the excessive loss of calcium that can affect the functioning of the bones.
- Parathyroidectomy: The procedure removes the gland that causes excessive production of the hormone.