Alphabet is basically a set of letters or symbols arranged in a fixed order used to represent the basic set of speech sounds of a language. It mainly defines the set of letters from A to Z. it defines the phenomena of representing a particular language system. Phenomena are observable facts or events and it is the smallest unit of sound in a speech. From this point of view letters in the alphabet system play a significant role which defines the smallest understandable element of that particular language? Letters are also called graphemes of the language system for its minor written units.
Tech-savvy tools which we generally use such as Ms Word, Notepad, these have the characteristics of word count, character count of the content which you write in that particular software. But you have to learn it thoroughly if you want to flourish your proficiency in writing and speech.
Here are some guidelines given by the Online Assignment Help experts, who will help you to understand the letters and alphabetical systems of the most distinguished languages spoken and written in the world.
Let’s Give a Look on the various language systems:
- English Language
I hope most of you know the number of alphabets used in the English language system in the world.
English is actually a West Germanic language. It originated from the Anglo-Frisian dialects which were introduced to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by the Anglo Saxon migrant community. These Anglo Saxons at first settled in British Isles from the 5th century and came to dominate the whole British residents. Later, the Late West Saxon dialect became the dominant part. These Anglo Saxons had a strong influence over Old English. The Anglican dialects had a significant influence on Middle English.
There are 5 vowels and 26 Consonants in the English Alphabet system. If you ask how many words we have in the English language then it is difficult to answer. The reason is there is no such rule to calculate the number of words in any language. There are a lot of words which are borrowed from other languages and for constant usage it became a part of the English language. It includes slang, dialect-specific words, derivatives, abbreviations etc.
Let’s look at how many words there are in the English language. According to the Oxford English Dictionary there are 171,476 words in current use and of them 47,156 obsolete words.
- German Alphabet
The German and the English language both have a common root. Though they have a lot of similarities, still they have a lot of differences between these two languages.
Much like the English language, German has 26 letters including one additional character and umlauted forms of three vowels i.e. total 30 letters. There are some letters which are not used in any of the language systems.
- Arabic Alphabet
The Arabic alphabet system contains 28 letters. These all are consonants and these are written from right to left in a cursive style of writing. Most of these letters have contextual letterforms.
The Arabic alphabet system originated from the ancient Phoenician alphabet and based on this language a lot of languages like Urdu, Uyghur, Kurdish etc are originated.
- French Alphabet
The French alphabet is based on 26 letters of the Latin alphabet system with uppercase and lowercase. It has five diacritics and two orthographic ligatures. Two letters w and k are rarely used in the French alphabet except in loanwords and regional words.
- Chinese Alphabet
Chinese has no alphabets. It mainly has characters. According to the Chinese dictionary, the Zhonghua Zihai,Chinese alphabet has 85568 characters. If you want to learn Chinese, you must have to learn at least 5000 characters. An erudite Chinese person knows about 8000 characters. If you want to read a Chinese newspaper, you have to be familiar with 2-3000 characters.
- Japanese Alphabet
Japan had no original writing system and later the people of Japan adopted it from the Chinese. But unlike Chinese, the Japanese alphabet includes only three alphabetic systems. That includes Katakana, hiragana and katakana. The hiragana and katakana alphabets both contain 46 basic characters or 76 including diacritics. The Kanji system includes a complete idea or word, not a sound.
- Spanish Alphabet
The Spanish language is based on the Latin alphabet and it has 27 letters. Like the English alphabet it has 26 alphabets and a special letter which is pronounced as ‘ene’. It is easy to pronounce Spanish words but there is a certain distinction between the pronunciation of English letters and Spanish letters.
- Italian Alphabet
The Italian alphabet is derived from the Latin alphabet. It consists of 21 letters which complete the Italian language. It has 5 vowels and 16 constants. The letters J, K, W, X and Y are not part of the proper alphabet and these are used only in loanwords, proper names with few exceptions.
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