Globally, nearly 300 or so mental health disorders are listed in DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). Some of these are more commonly occurring and have a higher chance of relapsing than others. The onset of these disorders differs based on geographical region, early life experiences, genetic predisposition, biological/gender, and individual differences. It is more effective to treat a mental disorder that is diagnosed early rather than a more developed one. Through this article, you can learn about some of the most common mental illnesses and get to know when to approach a psychologist near you.
What Are Mental Disorders?
Mental disorders are listed as any psychiatric activity influenced by behavior and make it exceptionally difficult for an individual to practice routine life. Under DSM-5, there are conflicts and exceptions for some constituencies, developing many theories about how people’s daily lives are affected by psychological issues. This article mentions some of the disorders, which are recurrent and can affect you or anyone around you.
1. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD is caused by a triggering event that was psychologically or physically harmful for the sufferer. The patient might have experienced the traumatic event or witnessed it. Starting from presumably mild symptoms, the intensity of recurring symptoms takes the shape of severe anxiety, flashbacks, and nightmares. There is no definite guideline to refer to the symptoms, sometimes they might start appearing after a month, and the other times can take up to several years. The only way an individual would know the predicaments is based upon the knowledge of symptoms. For instance, disturbing memories and severe emotional and physical distress attached to the event memory can all point out towards the development of PTSD. Counselling in Calgaryor anywhere you live can be a helpful tool to manage this disorder.
2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by undesirable patterns of thoughts, which can lead to a worried and nervous personality if left untreated. These ideas can only be eliminated by performing the intrusive action due to their propensity to resurface. However, these compulsions serve the purpose of forcing the sufferer to act on them and find relief. People with OCD are often misunderstood as being neat, which is not the case. It’s one of the most puzzling diseases, and it’s easier to treat if you get it diagnosed early. The onset of OCD varies among individuals. It usually manifests in adolescents or young adults. However, it can also occur in childhood. In boys, it is more likely to come up when they are 19 years old, and it can even show up when they are older than 35 years. With the help of a therapist in Edmonton, it is possible to treat the disorder at early stages.
3. Bipolar Disorder
Formerly referred to as manic depression, bipolar disorder is a mental condition that features a pattern of sudden high mood (hypomania), which consequently changes in low emotional feelings (depression). It is a spectrum of opposite ends and alters with a quick switch leaving the people in complete shock. When experiencing hypomania, the euphoric feelings overpower and often get irresistible. Whereas, in the depressive episodes, the sense of low mood subdues, and a loss of interest and loneliness prevails. Psychologists in Edmonton and all over the world use medications and behavioral therapies to help patients with bipolar disorder.
Individuals can have phobia if they have an intense, illogical fear of a scenario, living being, place, or object. Irrational dread that is exacerbated is what is known as phobia. They will often alter their lives to escape what they perceive as hazardous.The perceived threat is more significant than the actual harm provided by the cause of terror. Counselling in Calgary or somewhere near you is the best way to deal with these intrusive thoughts. Rationally, Phobias are mental disorders that can be diagnosed by a professional.
5. Antisocial Personality Disorder
People with antisocial personalities, sometimes known as sociopaths. They often have disregard morality and are indifferentto other people’s rights and feelings. Antagonizing, manipulating, or oppressing others or callous indifference is a common trait of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). They don’t exhibit any remorse or regret for their actions. A face-to-face session with a psychologist near you and some medical assistance can aid in lowering the intensity of the disorder.
6. Paranoid Personality Disorder
Cluster A or eccentric personality disorders include paranoid personality disorder (PPD). It’s not uncommon for people with these disorders to appear strange. Individuals with PPD are paranoid, with constant mistrust and suspicion of others, even when there is no reasonable cause to be suspicious. Men are more likely than women to suffer from this illness, which begins in infancy or adolescence.
With the current predicaments and ruling of the world, mental illnesses and disorders are on a surge. It is better to visit a psychologist near you as soon as you find symptoms of these common mental disorders in you or any of your loved ones. These professionals can help to manage the mental illness (s), leading to a happier and more prosperous life.