Decanting wine is a practice that has been around for centuries. It involves transferring a wine from its original bottle to another container, usually a decanter, before serving. Decanting can serve several purposes, such as aerating the wine, removing sediment, and enhancing its flavor and aroma. 

However, not all wines benefit from decanting and knowing when to do it is essential to make the most out of your wine-drinking experience. For many wine enthusiasts, the process of decanting wine is an essential part of the ritual of wine drinking. However, for those who are new to wine or who have never decanted wine before, the process can be confusing and intimidating. 

In an alcohol store, decanting can be done on request by the staff or by the customers themselves if they have a decanter. Decanting is often performed with older and full-bodied red wines, as they tend to have more sediment and benefit more from aeration.

In this blog post, we will explore the art of decanting wine and provide a guide for when and how to do it right.

What is Decanting Wine?

Decanting wine is the process of transferring a wine from its original bottle to another container, usually a decanter, before serving. The primary purpose of decanting is to separate the wine from any sediment that may have accumulated at the bottom of the bottle during aging. However, decanting can also help to aerate the wine, which can improve the flavor and aroma.

When to Decant Wine

The decision to decant wine depends on several factors, including the age, varietal, and style of the wine. Here are some guidelines for when to decant wine:

Young Red Wines

Young red wines are typically more tannic and less aromatic than aged red wines. Decanting a young red wine can help to soften the tannins and release the aroma. The amount of time to decant a young red wine varies, but as a rule of thumb, you should decant the wine for at least 30 minutes and up to two hours.

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Be careful not to over-decant the wine, as this can cause it to lose its aroma and flavor.

Older Red Wines

Older red wines are more delicate, tend to be more organic than the other wines and have a greater tendency to develop a sediment. Decanting an older red wine can help to separate the wine from the sediment and improve the flavor and aroma. 

To decant an older red wine, pour the wine into the decanter slowly and stop pouring when you see the sediment start to appear in the neck of the bottle. You may want to let the wine breathe for a few minutes after decanting before serving.

White Wines

White wines are less tannic than red wines and generally do not require decanting. However, some older white wines, especially those that have been aged in oak, may develop sediment and benefit from decanting. To decant a white wine, follow the same process as for an older red wine.

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Sparkling Wines

Sparkling wines hold different carbonate levels than the other ones and are made differently. Decanting sparkling wine is generally not recommended as it can cause the wine to lose its carbonation. However, if you need to remove sediment from a bottle of sparkling wine, chill the bottle for a few hours before opening it, then carefully pour the wine into glasses, leaving the sediment in the bottle.

How to Decant Wine

Decanting wine may seem like a straightforward process, but there are a few essential steps to follow to ensure that you do it right. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to decant wine:

Step 1: Stand the Wine Upright

Before decanting wine, it is essential to stand the bottle upright for several hours to allow any sediment to settle at the bottom of the bottle.

Step 2: Choose the Right Decanter

Choose a decanter that is large enough to hold the entire contents of the bottle and has a broad base and a narrow neck. A broad base will allow the wine to have a larger surface area for aeration, while a narrow neck will prevent the wine from being exposed to too much air.

Step 3: Open the Wine Bottle

Remove the foil and the cork from the wine bottle, and use a clean cloth to wipe away any dust or debris that may have accumulated on the neck of the bottle.

Step 4: Pour the Wine

Slowly pour the wine into the decanter, being careful not to disturb the sediment at the bottom of the bottle. To do this, you may want to use a funnel or a strainer. If you see sediment starting to appear in the neck of the bottle, stop pouring immediately.

Step 5: Let the Wine Breathe

After decanting the wine, you may want to let it breathe for a few minutes or up to an hour, depending on the age and style of the wine. This allows the wine to aerate and release its aroma.

Step 6: Serve the Wine

Once the wine has had time to breathe, you can pour it into glasses and serve it. Be sure to hold the decanter by the base to avoid warming the wine with your hand.


In conclusion, decanting wine can be a straightforward and rewarding process that can significantly enhance the wine-drinking experience. Knowing when to decant wine is as essential as understanding how to do it right and avoiding the basic mistakes.

The general rule of thumb is to decant young red wines and older red and white wines that have sediment. Decanting can help soften tannins and release aromas and flavors.

Remember, decanting is not always necessary, and some wines are best enjoyed straight from the bottle. However, when the occasion arises, and you choose to decant your wine, you can enjoy a richer and more complex taste and aroma. 

So, go ahead, and give it a try. The art of decanting wine may seem daunting at first, but with practice, it will become second nature. Cheers!