If you want to learn more about tractors and their significance in Indian agriculture, it is important to note that India has always been an agrarian society, and our fertile land has consistently yielded rich results. For centuries, our hardworking farmers have devoted themselves to advancing this sector. However, with technological advancements, their burden has been significantly reduced. Modern tractors, for instance, have simplified the tasks of plowing and harvesting. As a result, the tractor industry in India has been growing exponentially each year.

Indian farmers have recognized that modern farming practices are essential in this day and age. These practices not only preserve natural resources but also enhance agricultural efficiency. By utilizing modern technology, farmers are able to increase their profits and yields significantly. To gather more information about tractors and their benefits, it is important to understand how they have revolutionized farming in India.

If you think modernisation is only about tractors, you are underestimating the scope of modern farming. You must plan and adopt new technologies to protect animals, crops and land. The market demand is snowballing, which puts pressure on farmers to enhance their farming operations. Modern farmers are targeting the global marketplace for which they need to operate profitably, adopt digital technologies and embrace sustainable farming practices. This guide will help you understand what you can do to make the most of modern-day farming. 

Custom-made Machines

Tillers and tractors were just the beginning of modern farming. In modern India, threshers and other tractor implements are shaping the arena of domestic agriculture. More and more farmers are opting for tailor-made tractors and machines. Some examples include using pulverisers, rotary ploughs and rotavators for tillage purposes. With the help of these machines and tractor implements, the challenges of laborious tasks are reduced. A job that used to take an entire day can now quickly be completed in minutes or hours. Farmers have started to use threshers with tractors extensively for harvesting purposes. The goal is to reduce human effort in an idealistic and innovative manner. Machines have crafted a permanent place in agriculture, turning India into a progressive country regarding agricultural output and productivity. 

Organic Farming

There are several reasons for organic being necessary for India. It is observed that farmers are risking their health by using chemical fertilisers and pesticides. Using such inputs for food production can severely impact the health of humans. Organic farming is what we need to protect people and land from toxic chemicals. Organic farming does not use synthetic pesticides or chemical fertilisers as it centres around sustainable farming practices. It uses natural fertilisers and biological pest control that is produced from organic manure or plant/animal waste. One of the critical goals of this farming is the restoration of ecological balance. 

Natural fertilisers facilitate soil management by replenishing nutrients after the cropping season. You have the option of using natural weedicides instead of chemical ones. You can achieve this by cutting and mulching. Organic farming not only increases crop yield but also produces superior-quality food. In the long run, it proves to be a cost-effective method creating great return on investment. 

Precision Farming

As natural resources deplete, the global food market faces critical challenges. In addition, factors like increasing labour costs, rising food demands and global warming have added to the woes of this sector. India also faces severe challenges like stagnating farm incomes, depleting natural resources, decreasing productivity and fragmented land holdings. Precision farming technologies can help farmers increase profitability and agricultural productivity by using resources effectively. They use advanced technologies like data analytics, AI, IoT, and ICT to improve sustainability, profitability and productivity while minimising production costs. 

Data is at the centre of this farming method. For this reason, this farming method deploys various advanced tools like IoT, GIS, GPS devices, soil sensors, drones and field sensors. A large amount of relevant data like leaf wetness, weather conditions, wind speed, soil pH and soil moisture is examined to be sent to farmers for timely intervention. Proximate sensors can evaluate soil parameters like insecticides, pests and moisture. Also, you can check the progress or changes in the field using satellite imagery or drones. It goes a long way in reflecting the crop health to take preventive measures. Using drones, you can determine which part of the field needs pesticides, fertiliser or irrigation by tractors. Precise irrigation systems help in the optimisation of water pressure and flow so as to improve water efficiency. 

Vertical Farming

It is an urban farming method to grow grains, vegetables and fruits in a building. Food is grown in vertically stacked layers using indoor farming techniques. In such facilities, there is a development of fertigation, environmental control and artificial lighting. Traditional farms demand excess water and land. On the other hand, vertical farming uses minimal resources to produce crops across the year. As this farming is done in a controlled environment, farmers do not have to worry about unpredictable weather conditions. Thus, the supply chain process is never disrupted. It also assists in environmental conservation as there is no need for deforestation, which usually is the case in traditional farming. Indoor farming means farmers do not have to indulge in conventional harvesting, planting and ploughing by tractors. In this manner, emissions are reduced, and soil health is upheld. With the growing population being a huge concern for India, vertical farming can fulfil our increasing food demands. 


Aeroponics involve growing plants without soil in a mist or air environment. Plant roots are suspended in the air and are misted with nutrient water. It offers better control over the use of water in the growing process. The plant experience faster growth as the roots are exposed to extra oxygen. Not only is this method eco-friendly, but it also grows larger quantities in small spaces. So, no worrying about using heavy equipment like tractors on fields. An additional benefit is that the plants are protected against diseases and pests. 

This method is more sustainable than traditional farming, reducing water usage by 80-90%. If you are considering commercial farming, this is a viable option. It is mainly because this approach allows healthier food and larger quantities. As plant growth is rapid, farmers can grow more plants in less time.