Street lighting – means artificially increase the optical visibility on the street in the dark. Typically carried out by lamps mounted on masts, poles, overpasses and other supports. Lamps are turned on at night automatically with the help of elements of the lighting control system, or manually from the control room.
Street lights at night
The use of street lighting is regulated by SNiP 23-05-95, which was amended in 2011 to permit the widespread use of LED technology.
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Reflector streetlights are used to illuminate highways, roundabouts and other major roadways. The reflector is necessary to concentrate the light in the direction of the freeway. The power of the lamp installed in the lantern is 250-400 watts. The lanterns are installed at a high enough height so that the supports can be placed at a large distance from each other.
Both reflector and diffuse lighting can be used for secondary road lighting. The lanterns are equipped with a raised transparent plafond that diffuses the rays over a long distance. The power of the lamps is 70-250 watts.
For lighting pedestrian sidewalks, parks, forests, bicycle paths and public transport stops, scattered lighting is used. In the design of such lights, special attention is paid to the plafond that diffuses the rays. They are usually made either in the form of a ball or in the form of a cylinder. For greater diffusion of the rays of light, transparent rings in relief are placed on the cylindrical shaped plafonds. The power of the lamps used in such lights is 40-125 watts, depending on the distance at which the lights are mounted from each other
Illumination of information objects: house numbers, road signs, outdoor advertising. Both internally illuminated information objects and illumination with special lamps and spotlights
Architectural lighting (backlighting) – decorative illumination of facades of buildings and other architectural objects.