Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is one of the common endocrinological disorders among women.

Did you know that PCOS impacts the reproductive and endocrine systems? The endocrine system is the system that controls hormones. When the endocrine system in a woman with PCOS does not work normally, she has a hard time conceiving. Your doctor can help you understand whether it is PCOD or PCOS.

The PCOS and PCOD symptoms, medical history, and blood test results help the doctor diagnose PCOS. Do you know the difference between PCOD vs PCOS? Keep reading this guide to know the difference.

Defining PCOD and PCOS

PCOD and PCOS are both hormonal disorders that affect women of reproductive age. PCOD stands for polycystic ovary syndrome, and PCOS stands for polycystic ovarian disease.

PCOD is basically a hormone imbalance. This results in enlarged ovaries with multiple cysts on their surfaces. It is marked by irregular ovulation and can lead to infertility.

PCOS, on the other hand, is characterized by an imbalance of hormones. This includes high levels of testosterone and many cysts on the ovaries, as well as facial hair growth, ovarian enlargement, and acne.

Key Differences

PCOD and PCOS are two distinct medical conditions with varying symptoms and causes. Keep reading to understand their differences.

Cyst Development

Cyst development in either of these conditions is the result of cysts growing in the ovaries due to abnormal hormone levels. In PCOD, the cysts are fluid-filled and non-cancerous. While PCOS cysts may be cancerous.

So, it is important to be able to tell the difference between the two and know that they are treated differently. PCOS and PCOD problem treatment typically involves mitigating the underlying hormonal levels. This can be done through lifestyle changes such as exercise, dietary modifications, and hormone replacement therapy.

Hormonal Imbalances

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or PCOD may have hormonal imbalances. PCOS is a medical condition in which a female’s ovary has an imbalance of female sex hormones. It is often associated with irregular menstrual cycles and infertility issues.

PCOD, on the other hand, is an endocrine disorder caused by an excess of androgens, leading to multiple ovarian cysts and symptoms of PCOS.

Metabolic Factors

In terms of metabolic factors, PCOS typically involves insulin resistance. This is when insulin cannot effectively move glucose from the bloodstream to the cells, leading to high levels of glucose in the body.

PCOD more typically involves hyperandrogenism. This condition manifests itself when there is an unusually high production of male hormones. This includes testosterone and an imbalance of hormones, such as:

  • estrogen
  • follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • luteinizing hormone (LH)

This imbalance can lead to abnormal menstrual cycles and irregular ovulation.

Understanding the difference between PCOD vs PCOS

PCOD vs PCOS are often confusingly similar and are conditions that should not be taken lightly. Knowing the difference between the two is key to maintaining and promoting your fertility.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with either condition, the most important step is to see your doctor for a diagnosis and an appropriate treatment plan.

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