Going solar can be a pricey endeavor. Solar prices vary by state based on local electricity rates and peak sunlight hours, and they also differ by panel type.

High-quality hardware often comes at a cost but can yield significant energy savings over time. To help you understand your solar installation costs, consider these five factors that influence the total price of your system.

The Size of Your Roof

The solar panel installation costs depend on the size of your roof and the type of mount you choose. Fixed braces are the cheapest but only suitable for ceilings with ample sunlight from multiple angles. Adjustable mounts are a bit more expensive, but they can be shifted and aimed toward the sun on cloudy days to maximize energy production. Finally, tracking mounts are the most costly and can produce up to 45 percent more energy than fixed or adjustable mounts.

Aside from the size of your roof, the size of your home’s electricity demand will also affect the size of your system and its cost. During your site inspection, your installer will assess your household’s electrical demand and determine how much of a design you need.

Depending on your location, you may need to install conduit and cable runs that run from your solar panels to the incoming power lines. This adds to the overall project costs, requiring additional labor and materials. It also increases the time it takes to complete your solar panel installation.

The Type of System You Plan to Run

Solar costs vary depending on the type of system and its components. For instance, the racking or mounting hardware and the type of inverter used can significantly affect the overall cost. Other factors to consider include whether the system will be rooftop or ground mount and which energy storage is chosen (if applicable).

Solar panel size also plays a role in the final cost of the installation. Larger systems require more labor and equipment but can yield greater savings. A solar provider will usually consult with homeowners to determine their average electricity usage and recommend a system size that will meet their needs.

The type of panels you choose can also impact the total system cost. Polycrystalline and thin-film panels, for example, cost less than monocrystalline and can generate more energy per square foot compared to their crystalline counterparts. However, they could be more efficient and require more panels to power a home. Other variables to consider include federal and state solar incentives, electricity rates and peak sunlight hours. Additionally, local permitting requirements and interconnection fees to the grid can add to the final cost of a solar panel installation.

The Quality of the Panels

Solar panels are one of the most critical parts of a solar power system. You want to ensure you choose a brand with a good reputation and a warranty that will last decades.

It would always help to read the manufacturer’s guarantees and warranties first. This includes a product or material warranty and an output guarantee, which states that the solar panel’s energy production will not drop below a certain level. Most top brands offer 25-year output warranties for their meetings.

Several factors can affect the quality of solar panels, including their age and environmental conditions. Over time, a solar panel can develop microcracks and delamination (separating layers in the board). These cracks affect the panel’s performance by lowering its energy production.

Another factor that can affect the quality of a solar panel is its assembly and transportation. Meetings can be damaged by physical harm, careless shipping, or temperature fluctuations. Some manufacturers use electroluminescence testing to reveal these issues before sending out their panels.

The Location of Your Home

The location of your home has a significant impact on the cost of solar panel installation. This is because your electricity bills are determined by the energy your house consumes and the sunlight it receives. Installing a solar power system will be more expensive in states with high electricity prices and less sunny weather.

The type of solar panels you choose will also affect the cost. For instance, premium hardware can produce more electricity than standard options and may have a longer warranty. This extra expense is worth it, as the savings on your energy bills will offset the initial investment.

It is important to consult a professional before choosing the best equipment for your home. They can design a custom system, apply for federal and state incentives, and help you navigate permitting. They will also know how to optimize your system for maximum efficiency. This ensures you get the most out of your investment, making it possible to break even after only six or ten years of ownership.

The Experience of the Installer

The installer that you choose can have a big impact on the cost of solar panels. This is because different companies have varying levels of expertise and skill. Shopping around and finding a company with a good reputation is important.

The condition of your roof can also affect the cost of solar panel installation. If your roof needs to be in better shape, it must be replaced before you can install solar panels. This can be expensive and will drive up the overall cost of the solar system.

Another factor that can increase the cost of solar panels is if you need a tracking or monitoring system. These systems can add up to 10% to the total cost. The type of battery used also has a big effect on the cost of solar energy. It is important to use high-quality batteries, as they will have a longer life and be more efficient.

Solar panel pricing varies by state, but this is mostly due to differences in incentive programs and system size. This can affect your payback period, but it isn’t usually much of a concern.